The American Colonization Society, organized in 1817 to resettle African Americans in West Africa, presented its records to the Library of Congress in 1913, 1964, and 1965. American Colonization Society, American organization dedicated to transporting freeborn blacks and emancipated slaves to Africa. Chronology of Events. The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. Between 1821 and 1867 some 10,000 black Americans, along with several thousand Africans from interdicted slave ships, were resettled by the group, but its involvement with transport to Liberia ended after the American Civil War. Originally known as the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States, the American Colonization Society (ACS) was founded in 1816 by a group of white elites including Reverend Robert Finley, Charles Fenton Mercer, Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, Bushrod Washington, Elias Caldwell, and Francis Scott Key. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Group 2 Edited by: Daniel Conforti Narrator: Kyle Riley Research and Works Cited: Alejandro Reyes The American Colonization Society was established in 1817 and was originally named the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States. Cherchez des exemples de traductions American Colonization Society dans des phrases, écoutez à … Gabriel also met fellow hired slaves, free blacks, during his travels. Support for it came from local and state branches and from churches, and the federal government provided some initial funding. Mills sent to Africa to select a suitable site for the colony Son intention était d'aider les esclaves américains victimes de la traite transatlantique à revenir sur leur continent d'origine. GTIN 9786130045845. Manuscript Division Holdings While spanning the period 1792 to 1964, the majority of the society's correspondence, reports, and financial and business papers date from the years 1823 to 1912. Pastor for 20 years at a Presbyterian church in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, and also taught in elementary school and at a boys' academy. Wikipedia. L'abolitionniste James Forten après avoir soutenu l’initiative la dénonce en 1817, plus tard William Lloyd Garrison a dénoncé cette société à partir de 1829, et notamment dans le livre Thoughts on African Colonization en 1832. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Moore was installed as pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church of Carlisle, PA, though he only held this post for three years, resigning because of some church difficulties. The ACS transported approximately 12,000 blacks to … The American Colonization Society (ACS) platform to freed blacks in America was if you do not like it here in America, ships are leaving the harbor, and we want to help you go back to Africa. Senator Henry Clay of Kentuckywas ACS president from 1836 to 1849. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ironically, these groups were on opposite ends of the spectrum involving slavery in the early 1800's. It was founded in 1816 by Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister, and some of the country’s most influential men, including Francis Scott Key, Henry Clay, and Bushrod American Colonization Society The American Colonization Society was established in 1816 by Robert Finley as an attempt to satisfy two groups in America. During the decades the society operated more than 12,000 people were transported to Africa and the African nation of Liberia was founded. found: MWA/NAIP files (organized 1817 as American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States; name changed 3/22/1837 when incorporated in Md. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Bushrod Washington, first president of the American Colonization Society. L' American Colonization Society est une société américaine fondée en 1816 par Robert Finley [ 1 ], [ 2 ], [ 3 ], dont l'objectif était essentiellement de diminuer le nombre des Afro-Américains aux États-Unis en organisant une émigration vers l'Afrique. Most of the presidents of the ACS tended toward Southerners. Vérifiez les traductions 'American Colonization Society' en Anglais. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium American Colonization Society de la plus haute qualité. Some saw colonization as a humanitarian effort and a means of ending slavery, but many antislavery advocates came to oppose the society, believing that its true intent was to drain off the best of the free black population and preserve the institution of slavery.